Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Sophie…
And I’m Neil.
I see you’re wearing trainers today, Neil.
Of course, I don’t wear anything else.
Well, trainers – or to use the American term, sneakers – are the subject of today’s show.They are ubiquitous – that means you can find them everywhere!People wear them across the globe – men, women, kids, teenagers and pensioners.And did you know that 85% of people who buy trainers don’t wear them for sport?
That makes sense to me.I wear mine because they’re comfortable.
They’re also very tatty – that means old and in bad condition – if you don’t mind me saying so.
Hmm. I should probably get a new pair.
There’s a lot of choice out there. Hi-tops, gel, air, classic, retro… the list goes on. But before we go any further, I have a question for you. What’s a popular US slang term for trainers?Is it…a) kicks?b) wedges?Or c) flats?
其实有很多选择的。高帮鞋，胶鞋，带气垫鞋，经典款，复古款，还有很多可以罗列。我们继续谈之前，我有一个问题要问你。哪一个美国流行的俚语是指运动鞋？a) kicks （运动鞋）？b) wedges （坡跟鞋）？还是c) flats （平底鞋）？
I’ll go for kicks.
OK, well we’ll find out if you got the answer right later on in the show.Now, it has become socially acceptable to wear athletic apparel or clothing – including trainers – in situations where ten years ago it would not.
Yes, I think my apparel of jeans and tatty trainers is socially acceptable – at our workplace, anyway.
Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook, is famous for his dressed-down – or informal – look of hoodies and trainers.You can pay anything from a few pounds for unbranded trainers to thousands of pounds for limited edition brands like Nike or Addidas – and limited edition means something produced in very small numbers.
Why would anybody spend a thousand pounds on trainers?And how many people would actually recognize that you were wearing Nike limited edition ones rather than regular ones?
Other sneakerheads, Neil – a sneakerhead is somebody who collects limited edition sneakers.It’s an American term.But trainers are not new - in the nineteenth century, people wore sneakers as a mark of their prosperity – or economic success.Let’s listen to Elizabeth Semmelhack, curator of the Bata Shoe Museum in Toronto in Canada.
This new industrial age actually ushered in a new class, the emerging middle class,that was able to, now, have leisure time, because of their new economic success.And so what they did was, they wanted to, sort of, express the fact that they had leisure time by playing. But they also wanted to signify that they were doing these things by their sartorial choices.And so the sneaker, in part, was invented to meet the needs of this new class,so that they could very conspicuously show that they were playing.
What does it mean to usher in, Sophie?
usher in 是什么意思呢？
It means to mark the beginning of something.In this case, the industrial revolution marked the beginning of a new social class – the middle class – who made a lot of money from industry.
And why were they interested in trainers?
They wanted a way of showing people that they were so rich they didn’t need to work all the time.And by wearing trainers they were saying, ’I’m busy playing tennis’.Sartorial, by the way, means ’related to clothes’.
These days wearing trainers doesn’t reveal much about social class. For example, Mark Zuckerberg and I look surprisingly similar in our hoodies and trainers. You’d have to guess which one of us was a multibillionaire – and which one was… not!
People respond to current trends in popular sport through the trainers they wear.And here’s Matt Powell for the US consumer research group, NPD, to tell us more.
人们通过穿运动鞋，传达对流行运动的关注。我们听听美国消费者研究机构NPD的研究员Matt Powell 的观点。
When I first got into the retail business in the 70s the sexy sport, if you will, was tennis.And we all wore tennis apparel for casual wear, and we played tennis, and we wore tennis shoes. And we identified with athletes like McEnroe, and Borg, and Connors.Over time though, it has become even a broader range, there was a jogging craze in the 70s– everybody was out jogging, and then that became a full-fledged running business. The basketball business really exploded in the mid late 80s with the emergence of Michael Jordan.
当我在70年代第一次接触零售生意时，最性感的运动是网球。我们都穿着网球装，打网球，穿网球鞋。我们认可的运动员是McEnroe， Borg和 Connors。随着时间流逝，网球愈发大众，70年代又出现了慢跑热。所有人都出去慢跑，和跑步相关的生意兴起。80年代中后期，随着迈克尔·乔丹的出现，篮球相关的生意蓬勃发展。
So Matt Powell knows a thing or two about current consumer trends- he says in the 1970s there was a craze – or enthusiasm – for tennis and jogging. And this led to big sales of the apparel associated with these sports.
Matt Powell 了解消费流行趋势。他说20世纪70年代出现了网球热和慢跑热。这造成和这些运动相关的服装生意空前火热。
Are tennis shoes still sexy, Sophie?
Maybe – but basketball hi-tops are sexier. Michael Jordan started that trend back in the 1980s and it’s still going strong.Well, we’re running out of time.Let’s go back to our quiz question. I asked you: What is a slang term for trainers?Is it… a) kicks, b) wedges or c) flats?
也许吧，但篮球鞋更性感。迈克尔·乔丹在20世纪80年代引领了潮流，如今也很流行。我们节目时间快到了。回到今天的问题。我问你，哪一个俚语是指运动鞋？ a) kicks, b) wedges 还是 c) flats?
It has to be kicks. I’m right, aren’t I?
I have to tell you, Neil, you’re… right!
Wedges are shoes or boots with a triangular wedge-shaped heel and flats are a woman’s shoe with no heel.
Wedges 是指带有像三角形楔子形状鞋跟的鞋或靴子。 Flats是指不带跟的女式鞋。
I know my onions, you see, Sophie.
Yes, in other words, you know a lot about something you do.Now, let’s remember the words we heard today.
know your onions
That’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Don’t forget to join us again soon!