Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English.I’m Dan and joining me today is Catherine. Hey Catherine.
So Catherine, do you prefer a brew or a cup of joe in the morning?
Well, if you are referring to whether I prefer a cup of tea, which we sometimes call a brew, or a cup of coffee, sometimes called a cup of joe,I prefer my coffee in the morning.
I only drink coffee when I really need to wake up quickly.
And, why are you asking, Dan?
Because it’s part of this 6 Minute English.
Coffee. I see. So how do you take it then, Dan?
Well, I’m an instant coffee kind of guy. And I like mine with a dash of milk. How about you?
A dash of something is a small amount of something, especially liquid.Personally, I prefer freshly-ground coffee beans, and I like my coffee dark and strong - preferably Colombian or maybe Brazilian.
a dash of 是指少量，少许，尤其是指液体。就我个人来说，我喜欢即磨的咖啡豆，我喜欢浓郁的黑咖啡，偏爱哥伦比亚咖啡或巴西咖啡。
Wow. A coffee aficionado, eh?
An aficionado is a person who’s very enthusiastic about, or interested in, a particular subject.
Well, let me test your knowledge with this week’s quiz question.The specialty coffee, Kopi luwak, is made from coffee beans which have already passed through an animal’s digestive system. But which animal?Is it a) an elephant b) a cat c) a weasel?
让我用今天的问题考考你。有一种特色咖啡，努瓦克咖啡，它的咖啡豆要经过一种动物的消化系统。是哪种动物？a) 大象， b) 猫，还是 c) 鼬鼠？
I’m always going to answer b) a cat.Did you say this coffee actually goes through the animal?As in, it eats it and then it comes out the other end, and that’s what we use for the coffee?
Well, yes. It is actually one of the most expensive coffees in the world.Anyway, we’ll find out if you’re right or not later on.So, talking of expensive, do you tend to pay more for your coffee or are you happy with the cheap as chips stuff?
Cheap as chips means very cheap. And personally, I do actually like a quality product, and I am willing to pay a bit more for it.
Cheap as chips 是指非常便宜。就我个人来说，我确实喜欢有质量的产品，我愿意多花一点钱。
Would you be willing to pay even more than you already do if it meant that the farmer who grew the beans was getting a fairer price?
I would because I think that that sort of thing is important.
And you aren’t alone.There is a growing trend among many Western customers of artisan cafes to be willing to pay more for ethically produced coffee.
Ethical means morally right.So, Dan, why is this trend happening at the moment?
Well, it’s probably been going on for a while,but a new report from the UN’s World Intellectual Property Organisation has observed the effect that smarter processing, branding and marketing has had on the farmers and their communities.
And because of this, coffee drinkers are better able to choose ethically produced coffee that puts more money in the hands of the farmers. But, Dan, do the farmers actually see any of this money?
Well, it’s complicated. The price of the coffee is relatively cheap until it’s been roasted – or cooked in an oven.As a result, roasters take most of the profits. But there is still a difference. I’ll let Johnathan Josephs, a business reporter for the BBC News explain.
For a pound of coffee beans that end up in the instants (section) sold in supermarkets, the roaster can get over 4 dollars.But the export price is just 1.45 dollars.The farmer gets most of that. But when the new wave of socially-aware customer pays a premium for higher standards, the roaster can get 17.45 dollars,but the export price also rises to 5.14 dollars.
A premium is an amount that’s more than usual.So the farmer makes three-and-a-half times as much money.
Which means a better quality of life for the farmer, their family and their community.
That’s good news!I will definitely look for the ethically produced coffee from now on.As long as, Dan, it doesn’t come out of some animal!
Yes, actually that reminds me. Our quiz question.I asked you which animal the speciality coffee Kopi luwak comes from.Is it a) an elephant b) a cat c) a weasel?
这提醒我了。我们今天的问题。我问你特色咖啡，努瓦克咖啡是从哪种动物体内排出的？a) 大象， b) 猫，还是 c) 鼬鼠？
And I said a cat.
And you are wrong I’m afraid. Kopi luwak comes from a type of weasel.
I’m kind of relieved about that.
Let’s try not to think about it, and have a look at the vocabulary instead.
OK. So, first we had dash. A dash of something is a small amount of something, usually a liquid. Where might we talk about a dash of something, Dan?
首先，我们提到少许。a dash of 是指少量，少许，尤其是指液体。我们在哪里会提到少许的东西呢？
Well, I like my tea with a dash of milk.My gin with a dash of tonic, and my soup with a dash of salt.Then we had aficionado. An aficionado is someone who is very interested or enthusiastic about a subject. What are you an aficionado of?
I’m working on becoming a bit of an accordion aficionado actually, Dan.
Yeah! After that, we had as cheap as chips.Is something as cheap as chips?Then it is very cheap indeed.
之后我们提到很便宜。一些东西as cheap as chips这是指非常便宜。
Like my shoes! I bought them at a market for next to nothing.They were as cheap as chips.Then we had ethical. Something which is ethical is morally right. Do you consider yourself to be an ethical person, Catherine?
Well, I try, Dan. I don’t always get it right, but I do attempt to be.After that we heard roasted. Roasted means cooked in an oven. Like our coffee beans!
And of course our very famous English roast.Finally, we had a premium. If you pay a premium, you pay more than usual - usually for a better quality or service.Can you think of an example?
If you’re going to the cinema, you might pay a premium to get more comfortable seats.
And that’s the end of this 6 Minute English.Don’t forget to check out our YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages, and we’ll see you next time.
今天的六分钟英语就到这里。不要忘了登陆我们的 Youtube，Facebook，Twitter 和Instagram主页，我们下期再会！