拍照好看的食物 分享到:
Photo-friendly food 2018-12-0392874

  • 中英文对照
  • 英语原文



Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I’m Neil.
And I’m Rob.
And in this programme we’re discussing food.
Food, glorious food! There’s only one thing better than talking about food and that’s eating it.
Well, I know you are a bit of a gastronome – someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food. But today we’re talking about photographing food, not eating it.
That is a shame because I am on a see-food diet. If I see food, I have to eat it. Get it?!
Yes, Rob. Very very funny. But in the social media-addicted world, just seeing food not eating it is big business as I will explain shortly. But shall we feast on a question first, Rob?
Yep, if it tastes good!
It does. So, do you know the name for the person who’s usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the… a) Pastry chef b) Commis chef or c) Sous chef?
它确实不错。所以,你知道排在主厨之后,通常是厨房里的二把手,对餐厅经营负有很多责任的人叫什么吗?是a) 糕点厨师 b) 助理厨师 还是c) 副厨?
Hmm, well, I’m not a chef expert but I’ll say c) a Sous chef – it sounds important!
额,好吧,我不是厨师方面的专家,但是我会说是c) 副厨——它听起来很重要!
Well, I’ll give the answer later in the programme. Now let me explain more about food and photos. These days, how well a dish – that’s a noun for food prepared for eating – is photographed can matter more than how it actually tastes.
And I suppose social media platforms are the best way for sharing food photos on, aren’t they? And I have been guilty of taking a picture of my food on my smartphone – but only when eating some amazing food at a posh restaurant.
Which isn’t very often I suppose! But by sharing images across social media, people see them and think the food looks delicious, I must go to that restaurant and eat it!
You could argue it’s about style over substance, meaning the look of something is better that the content or product.
Maybe, Rob, although I’m sure sometimes the food tastes just as good as it looks. Anyway, the BBC Radio 4 programme, You and Yours, has been looking into this. They spoke to several influential Instagrammers and bloggers. Influential’ means having the power to make people change what they think. Here’s one of them – Rebecca Milford, who edits a website called Bar Chick. What does she think about this new trend?
或许吧,罗伯,尽管我确定有时候食物尝起来就像它看起来一样好吃。不管怎样,BBC广播4频道的You and Yours节目一直在研究这个。他们对话几个有影响力的照片分享者和博主。“Influential”指的是有改变他人所想的能力。这是他们之中的一位——丽贝卡•米尔福德所说的,她是一家叫做Bar Chick网站的编辑。她是怎么认为这种新趋势的?
It sounds very cliche that a picture speaks a thousand words but it really does. and I’ve got friends now that instead of doing what you used to do and going on to the website of a restaurant to see what they were serving,then you’d go onto their Instagram account and check out their images, and choose what you want to eat literally based on what you’re seeing. So it has to be presentable I suppose.
Rebecca used a well-known and well-used phrase there – one that is used so much it has become boring – what we call a cliche. The phrase is ’a picture speaks a thousand words’.
Yes, and even if it is a cliche, it is so true. You describe a fantastic meal in a long blog but you can quickly see how it looks from a picture and then create an idea in your mind of how it tastes. So when you’re promoting food, a photo is everything.
And that’s why some restaurants pay PR companies, lots of money to take stylish photos that can be shared on social media. It’s like a fashion photoshoot for food.
Yes and Rebecca said the food has to be presentable – that’s looking good enough for people to see. Because people are making choices on what they see. I’ve also heard that some chefs and restaurateurs have adjusted their menus to produce meals that look good on a smartphone camera. A restaurateur, by the way, is the name of a person who owns and manages a restaurant.
Now, while there is a risk that good-looking food on social media accounts, such as Instagram, might not match how it tastes, there is a theory your brain might trick you in to thinking it does tastes good. The You and Yours programme also heard from Professor Charles Spence, an Experimental Psychologist from Oxford University, about how this happens…
然而还是有风险的,在社交媒体账号上,像是Instagram上,看着好看的食物或许和它的味道并不相符。有一个推测是你的大脑或许欺骗你去认为它尝起来好吃。You and Yours节目同样从牛津大学实验心理学家查尔斯•斯彭思教授那里了解到这是如何发生的……
We see the food first, or the drink in the glass, and our brain’s already imagining what it’s going to taste like. And the more beautifully it’s presented, the more artistically, that sets better expectations and they kind of carry over and anchor the tasting experience.
Right, so a great photo of food can possibly make us think it tastes better too. We create an idea in our head of how it will taste which influences our expectations when we actually eat the food.
And ’expectation’ means the feeling that something good is going to happen.
Right Rob, I’m sure you’re expecting the answer to the question I set you earlier. I asked, if you knew the name for the person who’s usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the… a) Pastry chef b) Commis chef or c) Sous chef?What did you say, Rob?
是的,罗伯,我确定你在期待着我早些时候为你设置的问题的答案。我问你是否知道排在主厨之后,通常是厨房里的二把手,对餐厅经营负有很多责任的人叫什么?是a) 糕点厨师 b) 助理厨师 还是c) 副厨?你说是什么,罗伯?
Well, I said c) a Sous chef. Am I right?
You are, Rob! Give that man a job, here, maybe in the BBC canteen!
Come on Neil, I think I could do better than that! But before I do, let’s remind ourselves of some of the vocabulary we’ve discussed today. Starting with ’gastronome’ – that’s someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food – someone like me!
Yeah, Maybe, Rob. We also discussed the word ’influential’, meaning having the power to make people change what they think.
We also mentioned ’cliche’ – a well-known phrase that is so over-used, it has become boring. Like for example ’a picture speaks a thousand words.’ You never use cliches, do you, Neil?
Absolutely never. Let’s move on to ’presentable’ – that describes something that looks good, is smart and is good enough for people to see. A bit like me in my smart new jumper. Do you like it?
Very nice! Well, a presenter has to be presentable, Neil! Our next word was ’expectation’, a word that describes the feeling that something good is going to happen. I have an expectation that people will love this programme!
Well, let’s hope so!
Yes, and that brings us to the end of this programme. Don’t forget to check out our social media platforms. See you soon, byebye.


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What is the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…
A  Pastry chef
B  Commis chef
C  Sous chef