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4 brilliant ways to reuse rubbish.
垃圾再利用的四种绝妙方式。
What do we do in a world overflowing with waste? Our planet is filled to the brim with rubbish.
面对一个充满了垃圾的世界,我们该怎么做?我们的星球被塞满了垃圾。
In 2010, we produced 3.5 million tonnes of rubbish per day, by 2100, that amount will triple.
2010年,我们每天生产350万公吨的垃圾。到2100年,这一数字可能会翻3倍。
Recycling isn’t enough-up to 43% of our plastic waste still ends up in landfills and up to 20 million tonnes fill our oceans.
仅仅是回收还不够,因为高达43%的塑料垃圾最终仍旧会被送进垃圾场,超过2000万公吨垃圾被扔进大海。
But there’s good news. Here are 4 grand ideas to deal with the problem.
但仍有一些好消息。这有4个解决垃圾问题的好方法。
For example-in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the local government has turned 1600 tonnes of plastic rubbish-five years’ worth-
举个例子,在印度泰米尔纳德邦,当地政府将1600公吨的塑料垃圾改造成路面,
into pavement for 1000km of public roads.
铺设了一条1000千米的公路,这相当于消耗了5年的塑料垃圾。
Meanwhile, in Rome…the city ships rubbish from its overflowing bins to Austria by train-
同时,罗马用火车将垃圾从城市满满当当的垃圾桶中运到了奥地利,
where that 70000 tonnes of trash is burnt and converted to electricity to power 170000 Austrian homes.
在那里,7万公吨的垃圾被焚烧,转化成电能,满足了17万奥地利家庭的用电需求。
Elsewhere, one group of scientists says we can pulverise e-waste into microscopic nanoparticles.
另一些地方,一群科学家声称我们可以将电子垃圾粉碎成微小的纳米颗粒。
That’s a boon to countries like Ghana-which have become dumping grounds for some of our 65 million tonnes of old, thrown-out electronics.
对于像加纳这样的国家来说,这是上天的恩惠,加纳已经变成了某种意义上的垃圾场,堆满了6500万公吨老旧废弃的电子产品。
And finally, Indonesia-where half the population lacks medical care-there’s Garbage Clinical Insurance.
最后,在印度尼西亚,有一半的人口缺少医疗护理,“垃圾临床保险”应运而生。
That’s where citizens living below the poverty line collect rubbish from the street
城市中的低收入群体在大街上收集垃圾,
delivering the recyclable bits in exchange for money toward healthcare.
并将其中可回收的部分上交,以换取医疗基金。
Turning trash into something for the greater good? Now that’s a grand idea.
把垃圾变成更有价值的东西?这是个伟大的想法。

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练习题
Question:
How many tonnes of rubbish will we produce per day in 2100?
A  3.5 million
B  10.5 million
C  7 million
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