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When we think about whether people should have clothing requirements in the workplace,perhaps our first instinct is to think employers should be permitted to require anything they like,after all they’re paying their employees for their work.
当我们思考人们在工作场合是否应该有着装标准时,我们的第一直觉可能是应该允许雇主要求员工做任何他们想要员工做的事情,毕竟他们付钱让员工做事。
You have a free will.
你有自由意志去选择。
So if you decide to work there you have to accept the rules and regulations that apply.
但是如果你决定在这里工作,你就必须遵守这里的规章制度。
But this clearly isn’t going to work.
但是显然这是行不通的。
For example, we wouldn’t think it was appropriate for employers to require their workers to come to work naked!
举个例子,如果雇主要求他们的员工们裸体上班,我们会觉得这是不合适的。
If there were women who were determined to work for that employerthen I would tell those women they’d better get their bodies ready to be seen naked.
如果有女士决定为这样的雇主工作,我会告诉这些女士,那你最好做好你的裸体会被人看见的准备。
I would propose a two-fold test on any dress code or uniform requirement that an employer might use.
我会建议对雇主提出的任何着装标准或制服要求做一个双重测试。
The first is: is the dress code harmful, or very, significantly uncomfortable.
第一个测试:这个着装标准是否对人体有害或者穿起来严重不舒服?
Secondly, does it reinforce sexist, racist or otherwise discriminatory norms.
第二个测试:这个着装标准是否强化了男性至上主义、种族主义或其他带有歧视性的理念?
Skirts and heels…I don’t see a need to dictate that for women.
我不认为有必要要求女士穿短裙和高跟鞋。
Demanding that men wear a tie might be onerous in one sense in the sense that it’s sexist only men have to do it,and you might think that a tie is somewhat less comfortable than not wearing a tie.
要求男士戴领带在某种意义上可能觉得这是必须的义务,因为从男性至上主义思想来理解,只有男士才能戴领带,你可能还会觉得戴领带比不戴领带有那么点不舒服。
But it’s a different requirement from requiring a woman to wear a skirt or high heelsbecause the tie gives the impression of being professional and capable and competent and powerful,whereas a skirt or high heels reinforces the sexist idea that women should be primarily objectified –their attractiveness is the most important thing.
但是规定一位女士穿短裙或者高跟鞋则是完全不同的要求,因为戴领带给人专业、能干、能胜任的、强大的印象,而穿短裙或高跟鞋则是强化了女性从一开始就应该给人既定形象的男性至上主义观念——女性的魅力才是最重要的事情。

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练习题
Question:
What should a woman wear in the sexist idea?
A  a T-shirt
B  a pair of sandals
C  a skirt
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