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Some reindeer probably do have red noses, but this may be due to the presence of these little creatures
一些驯鹿的确有红鼻子,但是造成这一现象的原因可能是这些小生物,
these little flies called, affectionately, “snot bots”, the reindeer botflies.
这些小苍蝇,驯鹿马蝇,或者,可以更亲切地称呼它为“鼻涕蝇”。
The female adult botfly will fly along and she squirts the larvae up the nostrils of the reindeer.
成年母蝇四处飞行,并将幼蝇喷洒在驯鹿的鼻孔上。
The larva then goes down the throat and attaches at the base of the throat where it starts feeding.
随后,这些幼蝇顺驯鹿的喉咙而下,并寄居在其喉咙底部。在那里,它们开始慢慢长大。
When the larva gets to about two or three centimetres, this is when it wants to leave its host.
当这些幼蝇长到2厘米或3厘米长时,它们就想离开它的寄居者了。
So what it does is it irritates the lining of the throat, causing the reindeer to either snot it out or cough it out.
它们会刺激驯鹿的喉咙内壁,迫使它打喷嚏或咳嗽,并随之而出。
So we always kind of feel sorry for Rudolph, but maybe he’s upset because of these little botflies, rather than the other reindeer.
我们总是觉得鲁道夫好可怜,但是也许让鲁道夫感到低落的不是同伴的嘲笑,而是这些小马蝇。

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练习题
Question:
Which one is the reason that causes reindeers' red nose?
A  the cold weather
B  the reindeer botflies
C  the grass
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