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Betting on sport is big business, with an annual turnover of around two trillion dollars.
比赛下注是一个大生意,年交易额大约就有两万亿美元。
In America alone more than four billion dollars was wagered on the NFL Super Bowl in 2017 and more than six billion dollars on the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Final.
仅仅在美国,对2017年美国职业橄榄球超级碗的赌注就超过了40亿美元,而且对2014年国际足联世界杯决赛的赌注更是超过了60亿美元。
Yet 85 percent of all sports betting is illegal.
然而85%的比赛下注是非法的。
For fans, there is nothing like the thrill of watching your team win.
对于粉丝来说,没有什么比看到你支持的队伍获胜更激动的了。
But sometimes athletes play to a predetermined result or purposefully influence an action in a game or match.
但是有时候运动员是打一场结果已定的比赛或者是在比赛中故意做出某些动作。
This is known as match-fixing.
这被叫做非法操纵比赛。
And it’s a global criminal enterprise.
而且那是全球性犯罪集团。
Betting related manipulation in sport is the same like intriguing trading on a stock exchange.
比赛中与非法操纵相关的比赛下注就像是证券交易所策划好的交易。
Someone knows upfront the outcome of a match.
有人预先知道比赛结果。
Criminal organizations approach players and match officials.
犯罪组织接近运动员和比赛裁判。
They make deals with them to change elements of the game or the outcome of a match.
他们和那些人做交易,改变比赛中的种种因素或者是比赛的结果。
Those in on the scam can then manipulate the odds in live betting while a match is underway, winning big.
而骗局里的那些人就有机会在比赛进行时操纵每个人的获胜几率,他们赢得最多。
Young talented athletes independent with sport.
年轻有天赋的运动员不受赛事约束。
They are dreaming up the big career.
而那些人想干大生意。
They checked the backgrounds of young players.
他们调查年轻运动员的背景。
They check their vulnerabilities.
他们调查那些运动员的弱点。
They check their habits.
他们调查那些运动员的喜好。
And then they start to come closer to them.
然后他们开始更近距离接触那些运动员。
These are in most cases the first steps to groom a playing.
这是大多数案例中操纵一场比赛的首要步骤。
Match-fixing is believed to be more prevalent than ever.
人们相信非法操纵比赛比以往更普遍。
It takes place in many sports.
它在一些比赛中时有发生。
And around one game in 100 is thought to be fixed.
而且大约有1%的比赛被认为涉及非法操纵。
It is also a way in which criminal gangs can launder dirty money.
它同样是犯罪团伙洗黑钱的一种方式。
These profits can go on to fund criminal activities, such as human trafficking and drug dealing.
这些获利能够为犯罪活动提供资金支持,像贩卖人口和毒品交易。
Match-fixing could be tackled by legalizing gambling, passing specific laws against it.
非法操纵比赛可以通过使赌博合法化,针对其的特定法律的通过实施来解决。
Everyone loves fair competition.
人人都爱公平竞争。
Match-fixing jeopardizes this.
非法操纵比赛危害公平竞争。
It needs to be fixed.
那需要解决。

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Question:
What's the proportion of match-fixing ?
A  1%
B  5%
C  10%
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