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Hello, and welcome to a short video about Mandarin Chinese.
大家好,欢迎收看这个关于普通话的短视频。
Now if I told you that I’m fluent in a language with no alphabet, you would probably think that I’m making it up, right?
如果我告诉你我能流利地讲一门没有字母表的语言,你一定会认为我在瞎编,对吗?
Well, I would be making up the part about being fluent, but Chinese is a language with no alphabet.
好吧,我确实夸大了关于“流利”的部分,但汉语的确是一门没有字母表的语言。
Have your parents ever said “don’t use that tone with me”? If so, you’re on your way to becoming a Mandarin Chinese expert,
你父母有没有对你说过“别用那种语气和我说话”?如果说过,那你离成为一名普通话专家就不远了,
as this language relies on four basic tones and a fifth neutral tone to pronounce words.
因为这种语言依靠四种基本音调和第五种音调——轻声来发音。
Let’s run through them together:
让我们一起看看:
The first tone is high-pitched and remains level, like an exclamation.
一声为高音,保持平稳,有点像感叹语气。
The second tone is characterised by raising your vocal pitch, like when you question someone.
二声的特点为音调提高,就像你向别人问问题一样。
The third tone starts low, falls in pitch, and then goes up again. Try dipping your chin onto your neck and raising it again.
三声由低音调起,逐渐降低,随后转高。你可尝试将下巴低下,贴近脖子,再抬起。
The fourth tone falls in pitch from a high level to a low level. Try stomping your foot gently when practising.
四声音调由高降低,练习时可尝试轻轻跺脚。
Proceed with caution when using these tones, because the same syllable can mean mom, horse or scold depending on how you say it!
当你使用这些音调时,一定要格外小心,因为同一个音节可以代表“妈妈”“马匹”或“咒骂”,而这完全取决于你如何发音!
From a grammatical perspective, a simple Mandarin sentence structure has a subject, a predicate and an object.
从语法学角度来看,一个简单的汉语普通话句子包含主语、谓语和宾语。
Of course, there are a few obvious differences.
当然,普通话和其他语言也有一些明显的区别。
Mandarin Chinese uses characters which, when combined, can form different words.
汉语普通话使用的字符可以组合,当它们组合起来的时候,就代表不同的意思。
For example, let’s start with Mù, which looks like this. By itself means a tree or wood.
举个例子,这是“木”,意思是“树木”或是“木材”。
But, if we add another character… We now have lín, or a forest.
但如果再加上一个字符,我们就得到了“林”,意思是“树林”“森林”。
If you want to learn how to pronounce more Mandarin Chinese words, check out pinyin –
如果你想进一步研究普通话词汇发音,可以学习拼音,
the most widely used system of Mandarin Chinese that uses the Latin alphabet.
拼音是人们最常用的,学习汉语普通话的拉丁字母表。
As philosopher Laozi once said, qian li zhi xing, shi yu zu xia or “The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step”.
正如哲学家老子所说:“千里之行,始于足下。”
Good luck with your first step towards learning Mandarin Chinese!
祝你在学习普通话的道路上旗开得胜!

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练习题
Question:
How many tones does Mandarin Chinese rely on to pronounce words?
A  4
B  2
C  5
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