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They‘re known as Italy‘s ghost towns.
它们被称作意大利的废弃小镇。
Thousands of ancient settlements across the Italian countryside have fallen into ruin as lack of jobs, poverty and earthquakes drove away the people living there.
由于工作短缺,贫困以及地震,住在那里的人纷纷离开,意大利乡村成千上万的古村落变为废墟。
The towns have been left frozen in time.
最后众多小镇被荒废了。
But a bold idea is breathing life and money back into a lucky few of these forgotten rural communities, by turning the deserted buildings into an almost invisible "scattered hotel".
但是一个大胆的想法为这些被遗忘的乡村社区中的少数幸运村庄注入了新生命,带来财富——将荒废的建筑变成一个分散开来,几乎互不可见的旅馆。
It’s called an "albergo diffuso".
它被叫做“度假别墅”。
The village of Santo Stefano di Sessanio dates back to medieval times.
圣斯特凡诺帝塞斯小镇可以追溯至中世纪时期。
But when Italian enterpreneur Daniele Kihlgren arrived 20 years ago, it was crumbling and almost abandoned.
但是意大利企业家丹尼尔•坤格林20年前来到这里的时候,这里正值衰败,几乎被废弃。
People have been gone away because they was very poor, because there was no economical chance to survive in such a place.
人们已经离开,因为他们非常贫困,因为在那样一个地方人们没有任何经济机遇生存下去。
He wanted to find a way to bring local people and tourists back to the village, while still preserving the area’s ancient culture and traditions.
他想要找到一种方法来带回当地人以及游客们,与此同时还能保护这个地区古老的文化和传统。
He decided on a sustainable tourism model called albergo diffuso.
他决定发展一种被叫做“度假别墅”的可持续性旅游模式。
These may look like deserted bulidings from the outside, but inside, individual hotel rooms have been created throughout the village, restoring the design from the Middle Ages.
从外面看这些或许像是荒废的建筑,但是从里面看,遍及整个村庄被打造出来的独立房间修复了中世纪时期的设计。
When I arrived here there was one hotel, now there is 21 hotels.
我到这的时候有一家旅馆,而现在有21家旅馆。
You would never ever see this is a hotel you know because there is no sign, no nothing, because want to preserve the identity of the village.
你从来不会觉得这是一家旅馆,因为没有标志,什么东西都没有,因为我们想要保护这个村庄的特征。
Guests are encouraged to take part in local life and residents make money from their traditional skills,
游客被鼓励参与到当地生活中,而且居民用他们的传统手艺赚钱谋生,
like teaching cooking lessons using ancient recipes, weaving and crafts, or searching for regional delicacies like black truffles in the nearby mountains.
像用古老的配方教授烹饪课,纺织以及其它手艺,或者是寻找地方美食,就像附近山上的黑松露。
It took five years of restoration and millions of euros of private investment to transform Santo Stefano into a tourist destination.
花费了5年的修复期以及上百万欧元的私人投资才将圣斯特凡诺小镇变为一个旅游胜地。
Many of Italy’s other deserted villages could never raise this kind of funding.
意大利其它一些荒废的村庄从没能募集到这类资金。
But in Santo Stefano, the albergo diffuso model is slowly helping to rebuild the community.
但是在圣斯特凡诺,“度假别墅”模式正缓慢促进这个社区的重建。
Young people who grew up in the area are starting their own businesses rather than leaving.
在这里地方长大的年轻人开始做他们自己的生意,而不是离开。
Serena’s father was a local shepherd, but she runs her own wine bar.
塞丽娜的爸爸是当地一个牧羊人,但是她经营自己的酒吧。
In the same room where people had a hard and poor life, now people have a vacation and luxury and fun.
在同样的房间,过去人们过着艰难贫苦的生活,现在人们在度假,享受,玩得很开心。
The albergo is important for us because we didn’t have jobs before.
旅店对我们来说很重要,因为我们之前没有工作。
But now, tourists arrive from all over the world.
但是现在,来自全世界的游客到了这里。
For us, you know, some people choose to take their families to Disneyland, and we chose to come to a real place, you know, that’s right out of history.
你知道的,对我们来说,一些人会选择带着家人去迪士尼园,而我们选择来到一个真实的地方,你要知道,历史就在身边。
This kind of tourism isn’t for everyone though.
然而这种旅游不适用于每个人。
Room price can reach up to 400 euros a night and getting to the towns can be difficult.
房价可以高达400欧元每晚,而且前往小镇非常困难。
But the idea is catching on around the country.
但是这个概念在全国流行起来。
There are now 40 officially recognised alberghi diffusi in Italy.
现在意大利有40家官方认可的度假别墅。

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Question:
How many alberghi diffusi officially recognised in Italy?
A  40
B  21
C  1
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