叙利亚伊德利卜有多重要? 分享到:
Explainer: How important is Syria's Idlib? 2018-08-0642817

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A military offensive in Idlib would be a pivotal moment in the seven-year conflict, one that may have grave humanitarian and regional consequences.
伊德利卜的一起军事攻击将会是七年冲突的关键性时刻,它或许会造成严重的人道主义及区域性后果。
The Syrian opposition stronghold is one of the four de-escalation zones,
叙利亚反派大本营是四大冲突降级区之一,
which included Eastern Ghouta, part of Homs and areas in the south western provinces of Deraa and Quneitra.
四大冲突降级区包括东古塔区,霍姆斯部分地区,德拉西南部以及库奈特拉。
The deal was negotiated last year to stop violence and protect civilians.
去年谈判达成协议,停止暴力冲突,保护市民。
But since January this year the Syrian regime in blatant violation of that agreement has captured three of them,
但是从今年一月份开始,公然违反协议的叙利亚政权占领了三个冲突降级区,
which now leaves this last significant enclave of armed opposition that grows up against President Bashar Assad’s regime.
使得现在为对抗巴沙尔·阿萨德政权而产生的武装反派力量只剩这最后一块重要的被围领地。
Capturing Idlib would put almost 75% of the country under government control.
占领伊德利卜将会使近叙利亚近75%的地区处于政府控制。
But government forces would have to fight a coalition of key rebel factions.
但是政府力量不得不和主要反叛派系联盟作战。
With reportedly an estimated 70,000 fighters in order to achieve that goal.
据称为实现那个目标估计需要有7万名战士。
Idlib is also strategically important.
伊德利卜同样具有战略性重要意义。
It shares a border with the government stronghold Latakia, home to the biggest Russian military airbase in the country.
它和政府大本营拉塔基亚相邻,那是俄罗斯在叙利亚最大的军事空军基地。
And the M5 highway, which is the country’s main north-south artery, collecting Turkey Syria and Jordan runs right through that province.
而且叙利亚主要南北交通干道M5公路穿过土耳其,叙利亚以及约旦的首都,将它们连接在一起。
Idlib also shares a border with Turkey, which is called any offensive there a red line.
伊德利卜同样和土耳其接壤,那里被称作任何攻势的警戒线。
Turkey has encircled the province with 12 observation points along the front lines.
土耳其在前线围绕伊德利卜设有12个观察点。
A military escalation in Idlib would be catastrophic for its population within half of which are internally displaced, making the biggest cluster of displacement counts in the world.
伊德利卜军事升级对其人口来说是灾难性的,其中一半的人在国内无家可归,形成世界范围内最大的被迫迁徙群集。

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Question:
How many de-escalation zone has the Syrian regime captured?
A 1
B  2
C 3
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