未来的氢能火车 分享到:
Train of the future 2018-11-2056654

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It looks like the sort of standard diesel train youd find on commuter lines and in rural areas that rail electrification hasnt reached.
这看起来是一辆普通的柴油火车,跟在通勤线路上和铁路电气化还未普及的农村地区的火车相比没什么两样。
But here in Germany, they’ve developed one of the worlds first trains to run on hydrogen fuel cells.
但在德国,研究人员们已经开发了世界上第一批使用氢燃料电池驱动的火车。
This is how it works.
原理是这样的。
Hydrogen from an on-board tank goes to a fuel cell.
氢从车载燃料箱中被引入燃料电池。
That takes in oxygen from the air.
这一过程会从空气中吸收氧气。
And it creates a chemical reaction to make power.
从而通过产生的化学反应来发电。
The first trains ran on coal, of course.
众所周知,最早的火车是靠烧煤驱动行驶的。
That was filthy.
但这种方式很脏。
Diesels still emit gases that harm people and heat the climate, unlike ultra-clean hydrogen.
柴油车仍然会排放危害人体健康和让气候变暖的废气,这与超清洁的氢气不同。
This is the emission from the exhaust.
这是该火车的尾气排放物。
You cant smell it.
它没有气味。
Im told you cant taste it.
我听说它也没有味道。
Thats because its water, pure water.
这是因为排放物是水,纯水。
Battery-powered trains have been trialled in the UK and elsewhere as a substitute for overhead power lines.
以电池为动力的火车已在英国及其它地域试行,作为架空电缆的替代品。
So whats the advantage for hydrogen?
那么,使用氢的优势是什么呢?
We are using hydrogen because it gives us a better range for the train during the day than a battery would.
我们使用氢燃料是因为它驱动的火车比靠电池供电的火车在一天内行驶的距离更远。
Batteries take longer to charge and give us less energy through the day.
电池充电需要更长的时间,而且它全天的供能相对较少。
So we would have to recharge them several times to provide the range that we can get with hydrogen.
所以我们得多次给电池充电才能达到氢燃料火车的行驶距离。
One 15-minute hydrogen fill-up drives the train for more than 600 miles.
一次十五分钟的充氢可驱动火车行驶六百余英里。
What’s more, hydrogen can be produced by surplus wind power.
更重要的是,剩余的风能可以产出氢气。
Hydrogen trains made here in Germany will go straight into service.
德国制造的氢动力火车将直接投入使用。
The makers expect good business as governments round the world accept the need to cut emissions to protect the climate.
由于世界各国都接受减少排放以保护气候的必要性,制造商们期望生意兴隆。

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练习题
Question:
How far can this train travel on a 15-minute fill-up of hydrogen?
A More than 600 miles.
B More than 900 miles.
C We don't know.
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